Discover The Difference Of Structural Steel Vs. Reinforced Concrete

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Discover The Difference Of Structural Steel Vs. Reinforced Concrete

March 22, 2022

Structural steel vs. reinforced concrete is a contentious topic in the construction industry. Structural products have an advantage over them because of their superior tensile strength, weldability, and toughness. Before deciding on a material, architects and building designers weigh all these factors.

Several features distinguish these two construction materials. 

 These factors can be

-strength rating

-cost-effectiveness

-availability

-and fire resistance

These factors affect the design, quality, and maintenance of the projects. Continue reading to find out more.

Material

Mild carbon and high carbon are two types of steel structures in the Philippines that can be further subdivided based on their composition. They can also be found in automotive parts, wire, fencing material, and even decorative furniture. The carbon content of high carbon steel can reach as high as 0.61%. Carbon pipes, frameworks, studs, trusses, and tools are some of the more common uses.

Yet, the primary ingredients may vary. Yet, reinforced concrete has a composition of a mixture of natural pulverized materials and water. The rebars are also added to strengthen this construction material. So, it aims to increase its tensile strength and flexibility. Using it to enhance a building’s foundation or column also minimizes the amount required.

Strength

There is a similar level of strength between structural steel and reinforced concrete. It can have MPa values ranging from 400 to 500. Although it can achieve compressive forces of up to 415 MPa when reinforced with concrete, it may only reach 70 MPa on its own.

Both materials provide stability. Building construction supply provides excellent protection against impact or compression forces during natural disasters such as earthquakes. So, it is a perfect choice for use as a building framework. Additionally, it also protects against wind uplift.

Cost-Effectiveness

Even though this construction supply is a common material, it must undergo complex manufacturing and fabrication processes before being distributed. It is necessary to mine first the ore to make structural construction supply in the Philippines. Then, to smelt it into a carbon-based solution.

A final step before converting the solution into piles of sheets, roof shingles, structural beams, rods, or pipes is to cast it into ingot-like forms.

Compare this process to the production of this excellent construction material. Aggregates broken down from various rocks and minerals make up the bulk of the material. It is essential to crush and sift these aggregates before mixing other chemicals. So, it is ready to mix with water.

Considering these factors, reinforcing concrete may be the more cost-effective material for small-scale applications.  Although structural steel is more expensive, it can reduce the frequency of repairs and maintenance. Over time, it can weaken and crack.

Availability

There are available components in making these products. Rebars and natural aggregates make up the bulk of their makeup. It makes excellent building materials because it is low-cost. Besides, it is easy to recycle these things without losing too much of their original qualities.

Even though it requires a more complex manufacturing process, also, a wide range of sectors employ this kind. In 2019, worldwide crude products output surpassed 1,800 million metric tons for the first time.

It is also possible to re-mill outdated structural construction materials for reuse. Structural products components contain 25% recycled products in some modern buildings.

Resilience to fire

The fire-retardant properties of structural steel and reinforced concrete ensure the stability of structures. However, high temperatures can affect the qualities of both materials.

A steel beam, for example, maybe subjected to internal forces that lead to the formation of cracks in the material. It usually compromises the quality and increases heat sensitivity. It can happen despite the material’s non-combustibility.

On the other hand, it is rarely put in place by itself. The presence of plastic or wood in the immediate vicinity can hasten the spread of a wildfire.

Structure construction supply is still prefereable due to its strong fire resistance and lack of combustibility. These materials can help contain a fire to a specific area, minimizing the risk of injury or death to anyone inside the building.

Conclusion

This product gives more strength, fire resistance, and good recyclability than steel-reinforced concrete. It is significantly more cost-effective to employ this steel structure in the Philippines. As a bonus, they’re a budget-friendly solution for smaller construction projects like dwellings, warehouses, and other valuable buildings.

Before selecting the best material, you must first understand these differences. It all comes down to what kind of structure you’re designing. These house materials are used together in the same building project.

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